Chronometric dating in archaeology a review
He laid the foundations for several important scientific methods, most notably archaeomagnetic prospection and thermoluminesce dating. J., 1968, Low-level environmental radiation measurements using natural calcium fluoride, in (eds. The following obituary from the journal Archaeometry is reproduced with permissio Martin Aitken FRS, FSA (11 March 1922– 15 June 2017) Martin Jim Aitken was born on March 11 1922 and educated at Stamford School, Lincolnshire. Atomic Energy Commission, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, pp. This optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating has become one of the most powerful methods for the dating of sediments in both archaeological and environmental contexts. S., 1982, Archaeomagnetic intensity results for the Near-East and for China (abstract), , 265, 40-41. He published a book on thermoluminescence dating in 1985, and an introduction to optical dating in 1998. He continued his interests in archaeomagnetism and luminescence dating up until his retirement in 1989, publishing, in addition to his books, more than 150 scientific papers. He won the Gemant Award from the American Institute of Physics, and the Pomerance Award for Scientific Contributions to Archaeology of the Archaeological Institute of America.
Chronometric techniques include radiometric dating and radio-carbon dating, which both determine the age of materials through the decay of their radioactive elements; dendrochronology, which dates events and environmental conditions by studying tree growth rings; fluorine testing, which dates bones by calculating their fluorine content; pollen analysis, which identifies the number and type of pollen in a sample to place it in the correct historical period; and thermoluminescence, which dates ceramic materials by measuring their stored energy.Also in 1958, the Oxford laboratory published the first volume of the journal , was published in 1961. In 1962, Martin organized a day meeting for archaeologists who had purchased proton magnetometers, which became an annual meeting. In retirement he and his wife moved to a house near Clermont Ferrand in France. D., and Winter, M., 1988, Determination of the intensity of the Earths magnetic-field during archaeological times - reliability of the Thellier technique, , 26, 23-25. An account of his contribution to the subject was published in 1990, following his retirement from RLAHA in 1989 (Sayre, E. S., 1990, On the retirement of Teddy Hall and Martin Aitken, 32, 3–6). J., Sirocko, F., Anderson, R., and Leuschner, D., 2003, Alternative chronologies for Late Quaternary (Last Interglacial-Holocene) deep sea sediments via optical dating of silt-sized quartz, , 31, 77-87.