Updating international nuclear law
The modernised rules and regulations are structured as modules and have been developed in a comprehensive and transparent process.Among others, around 8,500 comments of all parties involved in the utilisation of nuclear energy were received and considered in the process.Below the level of laws and ordinances, the requirements are further specified by the nuclear non-mandatory guidance instruments.These include general administrative provisions and safety criteria of the BMUB, BMUB guidelines, incident guidelines, guidelines and recommendations of the Reactor Safety Commission (RSK) and the Commission on Radiological Protection (SSK), safety standards of the Nuclear Safety Standards Commission (KTA), nuclear engineering standards, technical rules and technical specifications for components and systems.Member States have long recognized that coherent and comprehensive national legal frameworks are essential for ensuring the safe and peaceful uses of nuclear energy.In the past few years, the growing number of international instruments and their complexity have increased the demand for assistance by Member States.
With the amendments which took effect on 22 April 2002, however, essential elements of the German nuclear energy law have been reformulated.
In her opening remarks, Ms Tabata Vivanco, Secretary-General of the Ministry of Energy and Mines, expressed that “it is important that officials from different entities gain knowledge about nuclear law to contribute in the further development of our national legislation”. Susana Petrick considered that “as Peru is developing new projects for the use of nuclear technologies, the course is very timely to help disseminate knowledge among Ministries and entities that are involved in the use or regulation of nuclear technology about the laws applicable in this field”.
During the course IAEA lecturers addressed both the international and the national legal framework for the safe and secure use of nuclear energy, including the elements that should be in place in national legislation to provide for a proper regulation of nuclear activities so that these are conducted in a manner that adequately protects people and the environment from the harmful effects of ionizing radiation.
The 2010 Handbook on Nuclear Law: Implementing Legislation focuses on the practical side of drafting national laws by providing model provisions and examples of national laws.
Legislative assistance is provided on request and is available to all Member States, regardless of the size of their nuclear programme.
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Close to 50 participants from the Ministries of Energy and Mines, Foreign Affairs, Agriculture, Environment, Health, Labour, parliamentary committees and others attended the course.